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Java

Travel pictures from Indonesia

by Dr. Günther Eichhorn



Java was the second island of Indonesia that I visited on my trip. I stayed three days in Yogyakarta, then took the train to Surabaya to visit the volcano Mt. Bromo.

Around Yogyakarta are several very interesting temple complexes that are more than 1000 years old, including Candi Borobudur, Candi Prambanan, and Candi Sewu (Candi meaning temple in Indonesian). I also visited the active volcano Mount Merapi just outside of Yogyakarta. Mount Merapi is one of the most dangerous and active volcanoes in Indonesia. Mount Merapi has been witnessing small eruptions every two or three years, bigger ones every 10-15 years, and very large ones every 50-60 years.

Borobudur Temple Compounds and Prambanan Temple Compounds are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

In the Yogyakarta I visited the Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat (Sultan's Palace) and the Water Castle.

From the Mount Bromo entry in Wikipedia:

In East Java I visited Mount Bromo. Mount Bromo is an active volcano, part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia. At 2,329 m (7,641 ft) it is not the highest peak of the massif, but is the most well known. The massif area is one of the most visited tourist attractions in East Java, Indonesia. The volcano belongs to the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. The name of Bromo derived from Javanese pronunciation of Brahma, the Hindu creator god. Mount Bromo sits in the middle of a plain called the "Sea of Sand" a protected nature reserve since 1919.

All pictures are © Dr. Günther Eichhorn, unless otherwise noted.

Landscapes

Coral Reefs Off
Coral reefs off Java from the air. (443k)
Volcanoes Java
Volcanoes on Java. (436k)
Active Volcano Mount
Active volcano Mount Merapi near Yogyakarta. Unfortunately the clouds were around the whole time, I didn't get a good picture. (483k)
View Sea Sand
View of the "Sea of Sand" with Mount Bromo in the center. (700k)
View Sea Sand
View of the "Sea of Sand" with morning mist and Mount Bromo in the center. (622k)
Close-up Mount Bromo
Close-up of Mount Bromo venting steam. (503k)
Mount Bromo Bottom
Mount Bromo from the bottom. (748k)
Path Rim Mount
Path to the rim of Mount Bromo. I was on horseback up to just below the start of the stairs. (836k)
View Into Crater
View into the crater of Mount Bromo. (500k)
Mount Bromo Venting
Mount Bromo venting steam just before sunrise. (470k)
View Mount Penanjakan
View from Mount Penanjakan before sunrise. (482k)
View Local Villages
View of local villages from Mount Penanjakan before sunrise. (412k)
Sunrise Mount Penanjakan
Sunrise from Mount Penanjakan. (590k)
After Sunrise Mount
Just after sunrise from Mount Penanjakan. (547k)

Candi Borobudur

From the Borobudur entry in Wikipedia:

Candi Borobudur (Candi is Indonesian for temple) is a 9th century Mahayana Buddhist temple in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. It is the world's largest Buddhist temple, one of the greatest Buddhist monuments in the world. Borobudur Temple Compounds is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The temple consists of nine stacked platforms, six square and three circular, topped by a central dome. The temple is decorated with 2,672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. The central dome is surrounded by 72 Buddha statues, each seated inside a perforated stupa.

The temple was built in the 9th century during the reign of the Sailendra Dynasty. It was designed in Javanese Buddhist architecture, which blends the Indonesian indigenous cult of ancestor worship and the Buddhist concept of attaining Nirvana.

The temple demonstrates the influences of Gupta art that reflects India's influence on the region, yet there are enough indigenous scenes and elements incorporated to make Borobudur uniquely Indonesian. The monument is both a shrine to the Lord Buddha and a place for Buddhist pilgrimage. The journey for pilgrims begins at the base of the monument and follows a path around the monument and ascends to the top through three levels symbolic of Buddhist cosmology: Kāmadhātu (the world of desire), Rupadhatu (the world of forms) and Arupadhatu (the world of formlessness). The monument guides pilgrims through an extensive system of stairways and corridors with 1,460 narrative relief panels on the walls and the balustrades. Borobudur has the largest and most complete ensemble of Buddhist reliefs in the world.

Evidence suggests Borobudur was constructed in the 9th century and abandoned following the 14th century decline of Hindu kingdoms in Java and the Javanese conversion to Islam.

View Borobudur
View of Borobudur. (1008k)
Full View Borobudur
Full view of Borobudur. (732k)
Stairs Borobudur
Stairs on Borobudur. (920k)
Stairs Borobudur
Stairs on Borobudur. (908k)
Side Borobudur
Side of Borobudur. (1073k)
Walkways Borobudur
One of the walkways on Borobudur. (739k)
Detail Borobudur Buddha
Detail of Borobudur. Many of the Buddha statues are missing the head. (927k)
Stone-carved Reliefs Borobudur
Stone-carved reliefs on Borobudur with scenes from the life of Buddha. (1306k)
Stone-carved Reliefs Borobudur
Stone-carved reliefs on Borobudur with scenes from the life of Buddha. (1177k)
Stone-carved Reliefs Borobudur
Stone-carved reliefs on Borobudur with scenes from the life of Buddha. (37k)
Stone-carved Reliefs Borobudur
Stone-carved reliefs on Borobudur. (37k)
Stone Figure Borobudur
Stone figure on Borobudur. (1042k)
Buddha Statues Borobudur
Buddha statues on Borobudur. (699k)
Buddha Statues Borobudur
Buddha statues on Borobudur. (1158k)
Stupas Buddha Statues
Stupas and Buddha statues on Borobudur. (763k)
Stairs Top Borobudur
Stairs to the top of Borobudur with its stupa. (755k)
Stupas Top Borobudur
Stupas on the top of Borobudur. (637k)

Mendut Buddhist Monastery

Walkway Mendut Buddhist
Walkway in the Mendut Buddhist Monastery flanked by figures and stupas. (1041k)
Stupa
Stupa. (1191k)
Garuda Statue Walkway
Garuda statue at the walkway. (1003k)
Stone Figure
Stone figure. (766k)
Stone Figure
Stone figure. (1290k)
Stone-carved Relief
Stone-carved relief. (1213k)
Buddha Shrine
Buddha shrine. (1397k)
Buddha Statue
Buddha statue. (999k)
Buddha Statue
Buddha statue. (972k)
Meditating Buddha Naga
Meditating Buddha with the Naga Mucilanda, the sacred cobra. Buddha is sitting on the Naga's coiled-up body that serves as a cushion, and is sheltered by the head and the hood of the Naga. (1204k)
Reclining Buddha
Reclining Buddha. (814k)
Inside Buddhist Temple
Inside the Buddhist temple in the monastery. (661k)

Candi Mendut

From the Mendut entry in Wikipedia:

Candi Mendut is a 9th century Buddhist temple, located in Mendut village, Mungkid sub-district, Magelang Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. The temple is located about 3 km (1.9 miles) east from Borobudur. Mendut, Borobudur and Pawon, all of which are Buddhist temples, are located in one straight line. There is a mutual religious relationship between the three temples, although the exact ritual process is unknown.

Candi Mendut
Candi Mendut. (799k)
Stairs Candi Mendut
Stairs to Candi Mendut. (711k)
Stone-carved Relief Candi
Stone-carved relief on Candi Mendut. (896k)

Candi Pawon

From the Pawon entry in Wikipedia:

Candi Pawon is a Buddhist temple in Central Java, Indonesia. Located between two other Buddhist temples, Borobudur (1.75 km (1.09 miles) to the northeast) and Mendut (1.15 km (0.71 miles) to the southwest), Pawon is connected with the other two temples, all of which were built during the Sailendra dynasty (8th-9th centuries). The detail and style of its carving indicate that this temple is slightly older than Borobudur.

The three temples were located on a straight line, suggesting there was a symbolic meaning that binds these temples.

Candi Pawon
Candi Pawon. (674k)
Stone-carved Relief Candi
Stone-carved relief on Candi Pawon. (1190k)
Stone-carved Figure Candi
Stone-carved figure on Candi Pawon. (1245k)
Stone-carved Figure Candi
Stone-carved figure on Candi Pawon. (1077k)

Candi Prambanan

From the Prambanan entry in Wikipedia:

Candi Prambanan is a 9th century Hindu temple compound in Central Java, Indonesia, dedicated to the Trimurti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shiva). The temple compound is located approximately 17 km (11 miles) northeast of the city of Yogyakarta on the boundary between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces.

The Prambanan Temple Compounds, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the largest Hindu temple site in Indonesia, and one of the biggest in Southeast Asia. It is characterized by its tall and pointed architecture, typical of Hindu architecture, and by the towering 47 m (154 ft) high central building inside a large complex of individual temples. There are 240 temples in the compound, most of them small.

The three major temples are dedicated to Brahma (south), Shiva (center), and Vishnu (north). The Shiva temple has shrines for Durga, the consort of Shiva, Ganesha, son of Shiva, and Agastya. Agastya is a revered Vedic sage of Hinduism. Smaller temples east of each major one are dedicated to their vehicles: Hamsa the swan, vehicle of Brahma, Nandi the bull, vehicle of Shiva, and Garuda, a combination of man and eagle, the vehicle of Vishnu.

Map
Map of the Prambanan Temple Complex (97k)

(By Gunawan Kartapranata - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, On WikiMedia)

View Prambanan Complex
View of the Prambanan complex. The largest temple is dedicated to the god Shiva. (901k)
View Prambanan Complex
View of the Prambanan complex. The temple in the center is the Shiva temple. To the left of it is the Brahma temple. The left-most temple is dedicated to Hamsa. To the right of the Shiva temple is the temple dedicated to Vishnu. The right-most temple is dedicated to Garuda, vehicle of Vishnu. (583k)
Candi Vishnu
Candi Vishnu. (730k)
Temple Dedicated Garuda
Temple dedicated to Garuda, the vehicle of Vishnu. (572k)
Statue Garuda
Statue of Garuda. (845k)
Candi Brahma
Candi Brahma. (655k)
Brahma Statue
Brahma statue. (724k)
Candi Hamsa Temple
Candi Hamsa, temple dedicated to the vehicle of Brahma. (639k)
South Candi Apit
South Candi Apit, dedicated to Saraswati. (605k)
Candi Shiva
Candi Shiva. (545k)
Stairs Shiva Temple
Stairs to the Shiva temple. (1068k)
Statue Ganesha Son
Statue of Ganesha, son of Shiva, in the Shiva temple. (837k)
Statue Durga Consort
Statue of Durga, consort of Shiva, in the Shiva temple. (885k)
Statue Agastya Shiva
Statue of Agastya in the Shiva temple. (660k)
Statue Shiva Shiva
Statue of Shiva in the Shiva temple. (838k)
Candi Nandi Temple
Candi Nandi, temple dedicated to the vehicle of Shiva, Nandi the Bull (left) and Candi Hamsa, dedicated to the vehicle of Brahma, Hamsa the Swan. (645k)
Statue Nandi
Statue of Nandi. (673k)
Statue Chandra Lunar
Statue of Chandra, a lunar deity, dedicated to Shiva. (989k)
Small Temples
One of the small temples. (776k)
Part Candi Brahma
Part of Candi Brahma with elaborate stone carved decorations. (898k)
Stone Carved Temple
Stone carved temple decorations. (1171k)
Stone Carved Temple
Stone carved temple decorations. (1173k)
Stone Carved Temple
Stone carved temple decorations. (1220k)
Stone Carved Temple
Stone carved temple decorations. (1146k)
Stone Carved Temple
Stone carved temple decorations. (1128k)
Stone Carved Temple
Stone carved temple decorations. (1117k)
Stone Carved Temple
Stone carved temple decorations. (1156k)
Stone Carved Temple
Stone carved temple decorations. (1084k)
Stone Carved Temple
Stone carved temple decorations. (1010k)
Stone Carved Temple
Stone carved temple decorations. (1189k)

Candi Sewu

From the Sewu entry in Wikipedia:

Candi Sewu is an 8th century Mahayana Buddhist temple located 800 m (2,620 ft) north of Prambanan in Central Java, Indonesia. Candi Sewu is the second largest Buddhist temple complex in Indonesia (after Borobudur). Sewu predates the nearby "Loro Jonggrang" temple at Prambanan. Although the complex consists of 249 temples, this Javanese name translates to 'a thousand temples,' which originated from popular local folklore (The Legend of Loro Jonggrang). Archaeologists believe the original name for the temple compound to be Manjusrigrha.

View Candi Sewu
View of the Candi Sewu complex. (674k)
Candi Sewu
Candi Sewu. (37k)
Close-up Candi Sewu
Close-up of Candi Sewu. (811k)
Entrance Main Temple
Entrance to the main temple. (1100k)
View Complex Main
View of the complex from the main temple. (714k)
Several Smaller Temples
Several smaller temples next to the main temple. (780k)
Smaller Temples
One of the smaller temples. (604k)
Smaller Temples Stone
One of the smaller temples with stone carved reliefs. (838k)
Stone Carved Reliefs
Stone carved reliefs on one of the smaller temples. (1181k)
Stone Carved Statue
Stone carved statue on one of the smaller temples. (1276k)
All Buddha Statues
All the Buddha statues have lost their heads to looters. (767k)
Detail Accurate Stone
Detail of the accurate stone work. It reminded me of the Inca stone work in Peru and Egyptian stone work at the Great Pyramids. (1050k)

Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat

From the Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat entry in Wikipedia:

Keraton of Yogyakarta (formally known as: Keraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat) is a palace complex located in the city of Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta Special Region, Indonesia. The palace is the main seat Sultan of Yogyakarta and his family. It serves as a cultural center for the Javanese people and contains a museum that displays the sultanate's artifacts.

Yogyakarta Palace was built by Prince Mangkubumi in 1755-1756 (Javanese year: 1682), several months after the signing of the Treaty of Giyanti between Prince Mangkubumi of Yogyakarta, Hamengkubuwono of Surakarta and Dutch East India Company. A Banyan Forest was chosen as the site of the palace due to its location between two rivers which were considered good protection from possible flooding.

Most of the palace's current form are built by Sultan Hamengkubuwono VIII who reign from 1921 to 1939. It suffered from an earthquake in 1876 and 2006, and was subsequently rebuilt after the devastation.

The current Sultan is Hamengkubuwono X since 1988.

Gazebo Palace
Gazebo in the palace. (971k)
Building Palace Buildings
Building in the palace. Most buildings are open like this, without walls. (1002k)
Display Furniture Palace
Display furniture in the palace. (657k)
Display Furniture Palace
Display furniture in the palace. (882k)
Big Clock Palace
Big clock in the palace. (641k)
Music Instruments Gongs
Music instruments (gongs and drums). (930k)
Large Drum Used
Large drum, used to alert the population about dangers. (657k)
Ganesha Statue Palace
Ganesha statue in the palace. (783k)
Statue Palace
Statue in the palace. (771k)
Painting Female Figure
Painting of a female figure in Javanese style. (571k)
Painting Male Figure
Painting of a male figure in Javanese style. (618k)
Bonsai Tree
Bonsai tree. (1056k)
Porcelain Planters
Porcelain planters. (806k)

Taman Sari Water Castle

From the Taman Sari (Yogyakarta) entry in Wikipedia:

Taman Sari also known as Taman Sari Water Castle is a site of a former royal garden of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta. It is located about 2 km south within the grounds of the Keraton, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Built in mid 18th century, the Taman Sari had multiple functions, such as a resting area, a workshop, a meditation area, a defense area, and a hiding place.

Taman Sari consisted of four distinct areas: a large artificial lake with islands and pavilions located in the west, a bathing complex in the center, a complex of pavilions and pools in the south, and a smaller lake in the east. Today only the central bathing complex is well preserved, while the other areas have been largely occupied by the Kampung Taman settlement.

Entrance Water Castle
Entrance to the Water Castle. (821k)
Inside Water Castle
Inside the Water Castle. (845k)
Pools Water Castle
The pools in the Water Castle. (747k)
Pool Water Castle
The pool in the Water Castle. (910k)
Rest Area Water
Rest area in the Water Castle. The bed could be heated from below. (607k)

Java Dance Show

The dance show was in one of the larger hotels. It included a dinner and a 1.5 hour show. It was quite interesting.

Musicians
Musicians. (625k)
Musicians
One of the musicians. (665k)
All Dancers
All the dancers. (658k)
Lead Female Dancer
Lead female dancer, the princess. (674k)
Second Lead Female
Second lead female dancer. (739k)
Guardian Princess
A guardian and the princess. (853k)
Guardian Princess
A guardian and the princess. (846k)
Two Guardians
The two guardians. (836k)
Guardians
One of the guardians. (695k)
Close-up Guardians
Close-up of one of the guardians. (585k)
Two Guardians Princess
The two guardians and the princess. (740k)
Two Guardians Princess
The two guardians, the princess and another female dancer. (672k)
Princess Dancing Suitor
The princess dancing with her suitor. (773k)
Daemons
Daemons. (679k)
Daemon
A daemon. (663k)
King Entourage
The king with entourage. (736k)
Princess Entourage
The princess and her entourage. (727k)
Feast
A feast. (641k)
Guardians Fighting Suitor
One of the guardians fighting the suitor of the princess. (732k)
Guardians Shooting Suitor
One of the guardians shooting the suitor of the princess. (626k)
Daemons Fighting Female
Daemons fighting female dancers. (740k)
Finale Fire
Finale with fire. (562k)

Videos of the dance performance

Dance Performance
Dance performance. (98.6M)
Dance Performance
Dance performance. (38.6M)
Dance Performance
Dance performance. (42.6M)
Dance Performance
Dance performance. (14.3M)

Various statues

Nandi Bull Statue
Nandi (the bull) statue, the vehicle of the god Shiva. (523k)
Yoni
Yoni. (600k)
Shiva Lingam
Shiva Lingam. (628k)
Ganesha Statue
Ganesha statue. (606k)

This page contains 137 pictures and 4 movies

Indonesia
Main page for Indonesia

Page last updated on Sun Mar 10 16:07:39 2019 (Mountain Standard Time)


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